Экзамен по иностранному языку

Экзамен по английскому языку

06.09.2020  В помощь изучающим английский язык


Card №

Topic for discussion

Listening text

Reading text


№31 р.99

№1 “Are you proud of being Belarusian?” p.7


№16 p.89

№2 “UNESCO World Heritage List” p.8


№4 p. 81

№3 “My ideal school” p.9


№22 p.93

№4 “Anna’s diary” p.10

Great Britain

№2 p.79

№5 “Be kind and stand safe”. p.11

Science and Technology

№13 p. 87

№6 “Christmas tree” p.12


№1 p.79

№13 “Condemned room” p.19

Future Career

№28 p.97

№19“Great Grandad” p.25


№3  p.80

№21 “An interview” p.27

Youth and Society

№33 p.100

№24 “What is a good family?” p.30

Mass Media

№23 p.94

№43 “Pythagoras” p.49

Mass Media

№37 p.103

№44 “Amelia” p.50

International Cooperation

№32 p.99

№45 “The stress of commuting” p.51

National Character and Stereotypes

№35 p101

№38 “Video blogger” p.44

Outstanding People

№40 p.105

№50 “Make your home greener” p


№30 p.98

№48 “Mr. Wemmick’s ‘castle” p.54


№39 p104

№15 “Mother Teresa” p.21


№12 p.87

№9 “The most mystique picture” p.15

Future Career

№24 p.94

№14 “Book review” p.20


№41 p.105

№11“Are you ready to be independent?” p.17

Any English-speaking Country

№6 p.82

№7 “Technology” p.13

National Character and Stereotypes

№21 p.93

№10 “From librarian to political reporter” p.16

Youth and Society

№ 14 p.88

№ 8 “Mi Luna” p.14


№ 49 p.111

№ 47 “We are younger than we ever were” p.53


№ 27 p.96

№ 46 “Quality of Communication” p.52



Билет №1, 17Accommodation

1. Let’s talk about different types of houses. Tell me about your dream house.

   Home is a very important place for everyone. We live there, spend our time, receive guests. So, home is an integral part in our life. And it doesn’t really matter whether it is large or small, modern or old – but it always remains the place I’m most concerned about.

   The English people say: “ My home is my castle” And it’s really so. Home is the place, where you can have a rest, where you feel comfortable and safe.

   There are many types of houses where people can live in detached houses , semi-detached houses - joined to one other house, block of flats, terraced houses, cottages, etc.  

      I’d like to tell you about house of my dream. My dream is a detached house, I dream about a small garden with flowers. I’d also like to have a swimming-pool. I like to receive guests,   that’s why I want to have a yard where we’d can rest and spend a good time.

A detached house has a lot of advantages: It provides a good level of privacy. As you have some land around the house you can build outhouses; and if I lived in a detached house I would certainly build a garage, and   arrange some flowerbeds as I adore flowers.


2. Do you like the place where you live?

Yes, I do. I agree. I like my Town. I think my town is famous not only for its beauty but also for its people. Most people here are hard working and optimistic. So Drogichin is a nice place to live in. The life here is quiet and peaceful. The air is always fresh and clean. There isn’t much traffic in the streets. The authorities and people do their best to keep the town clean.

3. What questions will you ask your friend about the place he/she lives?

Do you live in the country or in town? Do you live in a house or in a flat? Is there a garden near your house?  Do you like your village?

4. Your friend doesn’t know what to choose: to live in a city or to live in the country.     Give him/her some advice.

If you enjoy such simple things   as sunlight and fresh air you should live in the country. Besides, living in the countryside is cheaper and safer than in a city.

5. They say that living in the country is better than living in a city. Do you agree?

I agree, though living in the country as well as living in а city has its advantages and disadvantages.



Билет №2, 24Education

1. Let’s talk about education. What can you tell me about education in Belarus?

All state schools in Belarus are free, and schools provide their pupils with books and equipment for their studies. Children start primary school at the age of 6 and continue until they are 10. At primary school children become acquainted with reading, writing, and arithmetic and develop their creative abilities; they are taught to sing, dance, play, and draw. Primary school children do all their work with the same class teacher, except for physical training and music, which are often taught by specialists. Most children are taught together, boys and girls in the same class.

   At 10 most pupils go to secondary schools, which   accept a wide range of children from all backgrounds. At the age of 15 pupils take a national exam and then they can leave school if they wish. This is the end of compulsory education. At the age of 16, when pupils finish the 9th form, they can either leave school or continue their education for another two years. Most schools in Belarus are secondary comprehensive but there are lyceums and gymnasiums, where pupils get more profound knowledge in various subjects.

Pupils need secondary education to enter a university.    

Students study for a degree, which takes on average four or five years of full-time study. Most students graduate at 21 and are given their degree at a special graduation   ceremony.


2. What can you tell me about the place where you study? 

Everybody remembers his school all his life. I am not going to be an exception. I attend Drogichin Gymnasium . My school is a three-storied building of a typical design. In front of my school there are many flower-beds and some trees. Behind it there is a stadium.

Our gymnasium offers excellent facilities, high teaching standards and a friendly atmosphere. We have a library with thousands of books, reference books and multimedia computers. Here we can do our home work, search for information on the internet and relax. There is also a language laboratory, where you can practice foreign languages and get help from experienced teachers. There are chemistry and physics laboratories where we conduct experiments. There are two gyms, a swimming pool and a sports ground. We have our classes in Physical Training there and spend much time after the lessons. Most of us have lunches in our school canteen. The lunches are freshly cooked and not very expensive.

There is also a school Assembly hall on the first floor. Here the schoolchildren hold their meetings and parties.


3. Ask me what kind of pupil I was at school.

What marks did you get at school?

Did you come to school in time?

What was your favourite subject?

Did you do your homework regularly? Did you respect your teachers?


4. What can you advise a student who is not very good at languages to do to achieve better results?

First of all, be attentive at your English lessons. Listen to your teacher. Read English books. Listen to English songs. Watch films in English. Take every opportunity to practice the language.


5. Nowadays some young people complain that the rules at schools are too strict. Do you agree with them?

             To sum up I shall add some words about our school rules. First of all attendance is essential. Missing classes is not allowed. We don’t have to wear the school uniform, but business style is required. Good behavior in class is vital. We are expected to treat teachers and each other with respect. All in all I like my school.



Билет 3 Environment

1. Let’s talk about environment. People say that our planet is in danger. Do you share this opinion?

     For thousands of years people have lived in harmony with environment. With the development of civilization large smoky industrial enterprises appeared all over the world. So now the by-products of their activity pollute the air we breathe, the water we drink, the soil we use to grow fruit and vegetables. As a result the water is polluted with industrial and communal waste. Many industrial cities suffer from smog. Forests are cut and burn in fire. Rivers and lakes dry up. Rare species of animals, birds and fish disappear.

Another problem is safety of nuclear power stations. The situation in our republic became critical after the Chernobyl disaster. About 18 per cent of the Belarusian territory were polluted with radioactive substances. A great damage was done to the republic’s agriculture, forests, waters and people’s health.

Ecological changes have become a global problem. The ecological situation is the worst in the developing countries of Africa and Asia. But heavily populated industrially developed Europe has these problems as well.

2. What do you think people should do to protect the environment?

6. Environmental protection is a universal concern. People should take serious measures to protect nature. Fortunately, it's not too late to solve these problems. We have the time, the money and even the technology to make our planet a better, cleaner and safer place. We can plant trees and create parks for endangered species. We can recycle litter. Individuals and groups of people can work together to persuade enterprises to stop polluting activities.

3. What would you like to ask your British friend about measures that are taken to protect the environment in Britain?

8. 1. What measures are taken by your government to protect rare animals and birds? 2. Are there any civil societies in Britain that aim at nature protection? 3. What does your government do to protect marine species? 4. Do your mass media share knowledge on nature protection?

4. A friend of yours wants to develop a programme to protect the city where he lives. Give him a piece of advice.

You should develop the way to control big industrial enterprises   and the traffic. The only problem is to keep it clean, to plant new trees and to control communal wastes. Much depends on the authorities and much depends on the people.

5. What do you do to protect nature?.

We for example cleaned the territory around our school every week. We plant trees and clean the territory of the nearby forest.


Билет4, 20  Belarus

1. Let’s talk about the Republic of Belarus. What can you tell me about our Motherland?

The Republic of Belarus is the country I live in. It is situated in the centre of Eastern Europe. It borders on Russia, the Ukraine, Poland, Latvia, and Lithuania.

The country’s population is about I0 million people. Most Belarusian inhabitants live in towns and cities, the largest of which are Minsk, Grodno, Gomel, Mogilev, Brest and Vitebsk.

The climate here is moderately continental with enough rain on the whole territory. Most of the country is farming land. So natural conditions are favorable for life and economic activities of the people. The landscape of the country is various and picturesque. Besides farming land there are many forests here. The greatest of them are called puschas.     Beautiful Belarusian scenery and unique history attract a lot of tourists.

Belarus is also a country of blue lakes and rivers.   Tractors and lorries, motorcycles and bicycles, refrigerators and watches, radio and TV sets, mineral fertilizes and fabrics are produced here. Belarusian goods are well-known not only in the republic but in other countries too. Agriculture specializes in milk and meat production. The main crop cultivated here are potatoes, grain, flax, vegetables and fruit. Belarus is a country with well developed science and culture.     At present the Republic of Belarus is an Independent state.

2. What famous Belarusian people do you know?

  1. There are a lot of famous people among Belarusians: writers and poets, politicians and cosmonauts, artists and sportsmen. They are historic figures and our contemporaries. I would like to mention the names of Kolas and Kupala, Masherov and Gromyko, Domrachova and Mirny.

3. What questions about Belarus do you expect to hear from a British teenager?

1. Where is Belarus situated?
2. What city is the capital?
3. Do people of Belarus speak Belarusian?
4. What places are worth seeing in Belarus?

4. What Belarusian sights would you advise a foreigner to visit?

9.  If I were you I would visit the National Library of Belarus, Mir and Nesvizh castles and Lake Naroch.

5. You are to write a short article about Belarusian people for a foreign newspaper. How would you describe our people?

10. Our people are talented, hard-working, patient and peaceful.


Билет 5, 21   Great Britain, English speaking countries

1. . Let’s talk about Great Britain. What do you know about this country? 

The British Isles are situated to the north-west of the continent of Europe. The largest islands are called Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland   consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The capital of the country is London.   The population is about 58 million people. Most of them live in cities and towns.

The warm waters of the Gulf Stream make the climate of the country mild and wet. Rains and fogs are usual things here. The western and northern parts of the country are covered with mountains. There also many beautiful lakes in this area. The rivers of the United Kingdom are neither deep nor long. The most important of them are the Severn and the Thames. At present the United Kingdom is a highly developed industrial power. It is known as one of the world’s largest producers of steel and iron products, machinery and textile, electronics and chemicals, aircraft and navigation equipment. The largest industrial cities are Sheffield, Leeds, Coventry, Manchester, Glasgow and Liverpool. But the greatest city and port of the United Kingdom is London with the population of more than 8 million

Great Britain is a country with old cultural traditions and customs. Almost every town or city there can be considered as a place of interest. The most famous places of education are Oxford and Cambridge, they are known all over the world.

The United Kingdom is a parliamentary monarchy. And the Queen is the head of the state. The British parliament consists of two houses: the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

2. Would you like to visit Britain? Why (not)?

Of course, I would like to visit Britain. I’d like to see with my own eyes its famous places of interest and to improve my English.

  1. What would you ask a British teenager about national holidays in Britain?

1. What national holidays have you got in Britain?

2. What is your favourite holiday?

3. How do you celebrate Christmas?

4. What are bank holidays?

4. Give me a piece of advice on what sights to see in London.

If I were you, I would first of all have a view of London from the London Eye. Then I would visit Trafalgar Square, St Paul’s Cathedral, Piccadilly Circus, the Tower and others.

5. Do the British differ greatly from Belarusian people in character? Why?

We speak different languages, have different customs and traditions. So, yes, we do, but we have much in common, too. We are reserved, and we don’t show much emotion.


Билет № 6       Science and modern technology

1. What scientific achievements and discoveries have changed people’s lives?

Everybody knows the names of outstanding scientists Michael Faraday, Albert Einstein, Michael Bell, Popov and Edison. They developed new scientific theories. Their inventions changed the world. Fire was the first discovery and the wheel was the first invention.   Science is part of our daily lives. We have come into a digital age. Mobiles have turned into a complete island of entertainment and communication. We spend about three hours a day on the Internet, talk to our families and friends on mobile phones. We send messages by phone or by e-mail. We have to admit that we depend on the radio, television and the computer for most of our entertainment. Our lives would be a disaster without these things. People use different machinery to build roads and houses. We use cars, trains, ships and planes to travel. Today you can visit your distance relative on the other side of the planet within a day..   

We come across science everywhere: when we choose what to eat, or choose things to wear or we take care of our health. We benefit from new materials in the form of cosmetics, appliances, clothing, and sports equipment. We rely on new sources of energy and more efficient ways of transportation, communica­tion, heating, and lighting.  Science helps us   solv­e many serious problems related to a growing   population, limited resources or environmental pollution.

 2. Do all scientific discoveries have a positive effect on our lives?

A lot of discoveries were made by great scientists in various fields of science. These discoveries advance the development of civilization.  But science in general has potential for good and evil. It may take good forms and bad forms. For example, the weapons of mass destruction and means of communication are both based on scientific research.

3. 3. What questions will you ask a famous scientist  about his/her career?

Why did you decide to become a scientist?

Were you a success at school?

What education did you get?

What was your first discovery?

4. Give me a piece of advice on how to become a scientist?

If you want to be a scientist you should study all your life. You should be curious, persistent and hard-working.

5. Many parents are against their children using social networking. What do you think of it?

There are things we have to accept whether we like them or not. Social networking has become a substantial part of our lives. We communicate with our classmates, exchange information, share our ideas, and find new friends in social networks. So, it has become an inseparable part of our modern life.


Билет №7Art

1. What is Art? What kind of art do you enjoy most?

     There are two branches of human work: the arts and the sciences. The sciences require knowledge and observation. The arts on the contrary require skill and talent. Art means something beautiful.   So there are a lot of types of art. Drawing, painting, sculpture, architecture, literature, music, ballet belong to the fine art".   Painters, sculptors, musicians, writers express their ideas and thoughts in different ways. Art reflects feelings and emotions, brings delight and admiration, and makes our life more interesting.  Without art our life would simply become   boring and lifeless.   New forms include photography, film, video art, land art, fashion, computer art etc.

As for me, of all the forms of art, I prefer painting and music. I am really interested in painting for several reasons. Firstly, it is one of the oldest forms of art.The oldest painting found is over 32,000 years old. But my favourite painter is Shishkin. I can’t help admiring his painting “Morning in a pine forest” By the way he used only two colour to paint this picture: green and brown.

The second form of art I am really keen on is music. Music is a substantial part of my life. It may be soothing and it may be encouraging. It may give you some hope in some hopeless situations and it may double your happiness when you are happy.

2. Are you a creative person? What forms of art are you good at?

What concerns my artistic talents, I must tell you that I’m not very good at painting or dancing or acting, but I’m rather good at taking photos, which is my hobby now.

3. Ask me questions about my artistic preferences.

What art are you interested in? What kind of music do you prefer? Do you like going to the cinema? Who is your favourite author/ artist/ composer?

4. What can you advise your friend who is very good at drawing on what career to choose.

If my friend is good at drawing, he/she may participate in different exhibitions and become an artist or she may take a special course and become an interior designer and decorate flats. If he/she has got good computer skills, why not think of web-designing? She can earn good money and work at home.

5. Is graffiti an art or an act of vandalism? What is your opinion?

To my mind, graffiti is a specific form of art. It’s very bright and occupies a lot of space. It’s good to have special places for graffiti artists and organize contests and special exhibitions for them. But of course, if it is made in the wrong places such as walls of the houses or on the park benches, it is illegal and it is, undoubtedly, an act of vandalism.



Билет №8, 19   Future career


1. Let’s talk about your future career. What would you like to become?

As for me I want to become an economist. There are some reasons why this profession sounds interesting for me. First of all my favorite subject at school was mathematics. My teachers well-educated people with deep knowledge of the subject, encouraged me to become an economist. And of course my parents approve of this decision. It is very important for a good economist to be a user of computer and to speak at least one foreign language. So I pay much attention to these subjects. If I pass my entrance exams successfully and enter the University, I will do my best to learn this profession a justify the hopes of my parents. I also hope that I will never regret my choice and get an interesting job afterwards. I also understand that it is a hard job, it requires skill, experience and commitments as well as accuracy and attention.


2. What should you take into account when choosing a profession?

Choosing the right career to follow is probably one of the most important decisions you will ever make. Before you make this decision you will have to do a lot of thinking about who you are, about the things you like to do and the things you do well. Practically all careers involve working with people, information, and things and many allow some creativity. Or you may consider government service suitable for you. It means that when choosing a future career you must be realistic about your interests and abilities. Good education is also very important. It goes without saying that when choosing a career you should take into account future employment, good and steady wages, good working conditions and so on.


3. What questions will you ask your future employer at a job interview?

What are the working hours? How much is the salary? Do I have to travel on business? Do you provide your employees with accommodation?


4. Give me some advice on how to behave at a job interview to create a positive impression on the employer.

Sit upright with your shoulders back and relax. Make eye contact. Smile – give the impression of being happy to be there. Keep your answers simple, relevant and interesting.


5. Some people think that it is necessary to have a good command of a foreign language to get a good job. Do you agree with this?

 I agree.  Though not all jobs require a good knowledge of a foreign language, it’s absolutely necessary if you are going to become a specialist in business matters.


 Билет №9, 18Family

1. What role does family play in each person’s life?

Families are important for everyone. Families give us a sense of belonging and a sense of tradition, families give us strength and purpose. The things we need most deeply in our lives - love, communication, respect and good relationship have their beginning in the family. Families serve many functions. They provide conditions in which children are born and brought up. Parents teach their children manners, daily skills and values. Common practices and traditions, such as celebrating holidays. But the most important job for a family is to give emotional support and security.

Now I am going to speak about my family. It is not very large. We are four: my father, my mother, my brother and I.

I would like to begin with my father. His name is … . He is in his mid forties. He is tall rather thin, with fair hair and beautiful dark blue eyes. My father is a very cheerful man. He is fond of reading and knows a lot. When I was small I used to ask him different questions and my father always answered them. We spent a lot of time together and my father told me a lot of interesting things. He is a driver by profession. Usually he comes home at about 7. He is rather tired and spends the evenings at home. Generally speaking my father and me are very similar in character though in appearance I take after my mother.

My mother’s name is … . She is two years younger than my father. She is a very attractive, self-possessed, sociable and persistent woman. She is a very beautiful woman. Everybody admits it. My mother is not very tall with dark brown hair and blue eyes. My mother is a bookkeeper. She is fond of her work and spends much time there. We understand that our mother is a very busy and try to help her about her about the house.

Now it is time to say a few words about my brother. His name is … . He is 12. He is a handsome boy, he looks like his father. He is a pupil and studies well. He is good at mathematics and history. He goes in for athletics and is crazy about computers. The only thing I don’t like about him that it’s impossible to make him keep things in their places.

That is almost all about my family. I must add some words about myself. I have finished school this year. At school I was good at mathematics, literature and history. I am fond of music and reading.

Our family is very united. We are different in our tastes and hobbies. But we have much in common and respect each other. We can spend hours and hours   talking about our family problems, fashions, views on education, people's relations, their ambitions and the like.

2. Do you have your own family traditions?

Yes, we do. We have our own family traditions, but not many. Usually we celebrate holidays together. There is a very good tradition in our family to have dinner together and chat about the events of the day.

3. What will you ask your British friend about his/her family?

Is your family big or small?

Have you got a sister or a brother?

Do you get on well with your sister/brother?

What traditions have you got in your family?

4. What can you advise people who want to have a close and happy family?

If you want to have a happy family, try to be patient and understanding. Respect and support your family members.   Keep your family traditions.

5. They say that parents and children have difficulties nderstanding each other because of the generation gap. What do you think about this problem?

People often talk about a generation gap. But if parents and children argue they argue about simple things. The most common reason for their argument is the teenagers’ attitude towards other family members. One more reason is that parents want their children to help more about the house. The third reason is the quality of children’s work at school. Some other reasons are the friends with whom children spend their free time.   Families should work together to solve these problems.

However there exist more serious problems such as unemployment alcohol and poor family relationships bad neighborhood conditions. Some children try to escape the reality and turn to alcohol, drugs and crime.


 Билет № 10, 23Youth and Society

1. What national and international youth organizations do you know?

Youth and youth movement   is important   in the life of all countries. Numerous youth organizations   unite young people from all classes   of the population.  

All youth organizations can be divided into three large groups:

1. Non-political organizations;

2. Youth political organizations    

3. Religious organizations .

The Scout Association is the biggest organization in the U.K. It unites boys interested in   camping and outdoor activities. There are many youth sport organizations. They unite people who are interested in baseball, football, golf, etc. There also exist interest clubs. You can attend any club: from theatre to bird-watching clubs. By the way, bird watching clubs are very popular in Great Britain.

Religious groups aim at helping to elderly people or working in hospitals. There are even groups where young people help released prisoners. Religious organizations pay attention not only to the study of religious views but involve youth into such activities as music festivals and amateur theatre. In the USA exists a Young Republican Federation, a Young Christian Association, and some religious organizations for Jewish youth.   Youth organization Greenpeace deals with most urgent ecological problems of today's world. It protests against nuclear weapon tests, sea and soil pollution, etc  

2. Are there any youth organizations in Belarus?

You know, it's quite natural that young people want to socialize with their equals so as to express their views on several political and social issues. They join youth organizations and societies. There are a lot of youth organizations in Belarus. The biggest of them are: the Belarusian Republican Youth Union (BRSM), the Belarusian Republican Pioneer Organization etc. The main aim of these organizations is to involve young people into socially useful activities such as sporting events, working in hospitals, taking care of war veterans, helping the old and the handicapped, carrying out some ecological projects and doing other things. BRSM was created   in 2002. Its members participate in formation of youth policy, they work out different educational, social and other youth programs, they organize conferences, meetings, lectures, exhibitions, concerts for young people; etc.

3. What questions will you ask about a new project organized by BRSM?

What is the name of the project?

Is it an ecological project?

Who takes part in the project?

What time will it take to realize the project?

4. Some young people want to become volunteers but don’t know what to start with. What will you recommend them to do ?

Actually, there are some volunteer organizations which involve young people into socially useful activities such as sporting events, working in hospitals, taking care of war veterans, helping the old and the handicapped, carrying out some ecological projects and doing other things. You should apply to one of them.

5. If you have a chance to start a campaign? What will you campaign for?

I will do my best to promote a healthy way of life. Lack of exercise is a serious problem. We spend hours in front of our computers and TV-sets. Few of us do morning exercises. We walk less, because we prefer to use cars or public transport. So I will try to involve people in different activities and sports activities first of all.


Билет №11, 12Mass Media

1. Let’s talk about modern means of communication: TV, newspapers, radio, the Internet. Which of these does your family like?

  1. The mass media play an important role in the life of the society. When we speak about the mass media we usually mean newspapers, magazines, radio, television and the Internet which use different technologies to communicate with large numbers of people.  We live in the era of information. Every day a huge amount of information is given by newspaper articles, TV news and the radio. But to tell you the truth, I’m not really interested in any traditional media. To my mind, television, radio and newspapers are becoming less and less popular. As for my family, my mum likes watching TV, but she says there is too much crime on it.
    Millions of people watch TV. Television has changed the world greatly.   When we want to know what’s happening in the world, we just turn on the TV and watch some news channel. Besides communicating information education is one of the primary functions of television. Special TV channels are created for educational TV programmes. Among them are the Discovery Channel and National Geographic that are well known all around the world for their quality documentaries about history, science, culture, nature, etc.

Educational television makes life both easier and more interesting. It tells you how the nature is functioning, how the world was created, how things are working, how buildings are made and what not.  

2. Is there any means of communication you can’t live without? Why (not)?

 7. Yes, there is. I can’t live without the   internet. More and more people nowadays are interested in getting some information very quickly and the Internet makes it possible. You can read the latest news on the Internet, watch films and TV programs on-line, listen to music and download it. The internet is not only a reliable source of information but also a very convenient and cheap means of communication.

Social networks help people   exchange information and keep in touch with each other.

3. What questions would you ask a newsreader about his or her job?

 8. How do you   prepare for programme? Where do you get information from? Do you think the Internet is a reliable source of information? Do you like your job? Why is you job interesting?

4. I would like to watch an interesting TV programme? What can you advise me?

 9. I would advise him to watch some educational channel. Like the Discovery Channel and National Geographic

5. Can the Internet replace all the other means of mass media? What is your point of view?

10. Maybe yes, maybe no. The Internet is a great source of information and entertainment for many people. But there are always those who prefer going to the theatre or reading a good book. We’ll live and we’ll see.

Билет №13   International Cooperation

1 Let’s talk about International Cooperation

Belarus is a sovereign country. It enjoys full rights and is active on the international arena. Peace and security, co-operation and friendship are the main issues of   Belarusian   policy. Belarus is a member of some international   organizations.   Belarus     takes an active part in the work of     the United Nations Organization and other international organizations.     Belarus has signed many   agreements   on co-operation with other countries in various fields. If we speak about “international cooperation” we mean, first of all, political, economic and cultural relationships with different countries.
What concerns economic cooperation, we are proud to say that Belarus exports many goods such as heavy trucks, tractors, milk and meat products to Russia, the Ukraine, Poland, Latvia, Lithuania etc. Our import includes clothes from China; fruit from Turkey, Spain; coffee from Brazil; metal, gas and oil from Russia etc.
Belarus is interested in   cultural cooperation with other countries. We can attend   performances of foreign music groups, singers, artist exhibitions in Belarus.   The Days of Culture of different countries are held in Belarus. The Days of Culture of Belarus are also held in different countries . They include classic and modern arts, cinema festivals and theatre performances.

2. Do you know any international events that takes place in Belarus?

 Of course, I do.

The brilliant example of cultural cooperation is “The Slaviansky Bazaar”. It is held annually in Vitebsk, where famous singers and musicians from different countries take part. It is the festival of Slavic culture, when people forget the conflicts between their countries. They just meet and show their talents, enjoy each other’s company and make friends.

  1. What questions would you ask your American friend who wants to become a diplomat

 1. Why do you want to become a diplomat? 2. What university would you like to enter? 3. What language are you going to learn? 4. What problems are you going to solve as a diplomat? 5. What country would you like to visit?

4. What advice can you give your friend who is wants to learn the Russian/Belarusian language?

You should attend some language courses, of course. But to my mind, the best way to learn a foreign language is to visit the country and to speak to native people.

5. You would like to take part in a student exchange program. In your opinion, in which area could Belarus cooperate with other countries?

I’m sure that we may cooperate in different spheres of life such as education, nature protection, IT or culture and many others. There are many unsolved problems to which we may find the solutions.



Билет №14, 22     National Character and Stereotypes

1. Let’s talk about national character. What can you say about different nationalities in general?

National Character

When we speak about people of different nationalities, we often use stereotypes. They mostly concern appearance, language, food, habits and traits of character. In a nation of many millions of people, there are many different kinds: good and bad, honest and dishonest, happy and unhappy. However we can talk about some general things. For example we believe that the British are reserved, modest and extremely polite people. They are   the tea lovers, the British cuisine is considered to be completely tasteless and uninteresting. The English are mad about football, cricket and golf, worship cats and dogs. They never leave their houses without an umbrella and they start any conversation with the weather comments. What’s more, the British people have a very delicate sense of humour. Germans are famous for their order. The Japanese and the Chinese are hard-working and highly disciplined. Americans are supposed to be very practical.


2. What can you say about national character of Belarusian people?

   Belarusians is a controversial nation. They are so much different. First of all they are reserved like the English, they don’t talk much to strangers and they don’t show much emotion. They seldom lose self control. They are reliable; they will never let you down and are always ccc. People turn to Belarusians for help and support, because they know that a Belarusian will always be responsive and helpful.

On the one hand we can’t say that Belarusians press their point of view on other people. On the other hand there are occasions when they don’t tell the truth because the truth is not always pleasant. There’s no doubt that Belarusians are reasonable. They seldom do silly things. Another distinctive feature of Belarusian people is that they are hard - working. They are     strong and enduring peop1e. A great will helps them to overcome all kinds of difficulties. They are patient and seldom complain.

How can you describe a new Belarusian?

He is active, relaxed and free. A new Belarusian is rather inclined to intellectual jobs. He earns his living by using brains rather than by digging the soil. The young generation express more interest in their roots and history.

I think we are definitely changing in a positive sense. A new national character is being formed. It is a long process, but gradually new features change the old stereotype.

3. I have just come back from Scotland. What questions would you ask me?

1. What are the daily habits of the Scottish people?

2. Are the Scottish people a friendly and hospitable nation?

3. What are their national dishes (Sports, holiday, etc.)

4. Your British friend wants to discover Belarusian cuisine. What advice will you give him/her?

We don’t eat potatoes all the time, but almost everyone in Belarus adores one of our main national dishes, which is called “Draniki”.I would advise him or her to try draniki, of course.

5. They say: “When in Rome, do as the Romans do”. What do you think about it?

I fully agree with the proverb “When in Rome, do as Romans do”, which means that, no matter where in the world we are, we should respect local laws, customs and traditions of other peoples.



Билет № 15Outstanding people

1. Let’s talk about

some outstanding

people who changed

our world?

The world knows the names of many scientists: physicist, mathematicians, chemists, historians, linguists, biologists etc. A lot of discoveries were made by them in various fields of science. I’d like to tell you a few words about Albert Einstein. He was one of the greatest scientist and thinkers in the history of mankind. However he was not considered bright when he was a child. He was born in Germany in 1879. When he was nine his parents were very worried about him. His teachers complained that he had no sense of discipline and had a very bad effect on the other pupils. When he was fifteen he was thrown out of school. But a few-years later hу was allowed to study mathematics and physics at a university in Zurich. However even at the university he was hardly a good student. He rarely attended lectures and was often in trouble with the professors and lectures because he constantly argued with them. When he graduated from the university, he couldn't get a teaching post there. Finally he found job in Bern. There he worked out the theories that made him outstanding. He became famous for his theory of Relativity. For his theories of light, Einstein received the Nobel Prize in 1921.

Then came the evil days of Nazism in Germany. Einstein had to move first to Britain then to the United States of America. He died here in 1955. All his life Albert Einstein lived very simp1y and was uninterested in money, power or fame. He could not understand why so many people admired him and wanted to meet him.


   2. Do you know any Belarusian people who are known all over the world?

There are many famous people in our republic. Francis Skorina is considered one of the greatest and most famous people of Belarus. Skorina was a scientist, humanist, writer, outstanding educator. But, he got the greatest fame as the first printer. I’d like to mention the names of Yanka Kupala and Yakub Kolas, our national writers.

3. 3. What questions would you ask a famous writer?

When did you start writing books? Do you spend much time every day writing books? What genre of books do you prefer? What is your last book about?

4. Can you give any advice how to become famous?

If you want to become famous you should decide what you can do better than others and work all your life.

5. Is it good to be famous? What are the advantages and disadvantages of being famous?

         There some advantages of being famous  


  • Famous people will always be in the centre of attention
  • Famous people are written about and photographed for newspapers and magazines
  • Famous people have a lot of money and can buy anything they want
  • They can live in a luxurious house anywhere in the world
  • Famous people can travel a lot and meet celebrities
  • Famous people can use wealth and influence to help charity organizations
  • You will always be in the centre of attention

But there are also a lot of disadvantages of being famous.

Celebrities sacrifice their private lives. Their personal problems, divorces, or family tragedies all end up as front-page news. They are followed by crazy fans wherever they go. The paparazzi follow celebrities and take pictures of them in   compromising poses. But for the celebrities these photos are an invasion of privacy.

They worry constantly about their reputation. Actors may lose their popularity, singers may lose their voices, athletes may be injured…

It’s difficult for famous people to know who to trust.

Famous people can never be sure whether people like them for themselves or because they are famous. For this reason, it’s difficult for them to make true friends.

Furthermore, celebrities are in constant danger of the wrong kind of attention. Threatening letters and even physical attacks from crazy fans are not unusual things in their lives.

Many of them suffer nervous breakdowns or drugs and alcohol problems.

Many celebrities say that their lives are far from being happy.


Билет №16, 25 Tourism

1. Let’s talk about travelling and tourism. Why do people travel?

Our everyday life is rather tough. It is full of work, troubles and unexpected situations.Practically all people need to have a rest sometimes and travelling is the best way to do it. For some people travelling is a hobby, others travel on business. Many people travel to have a rest. They go to the seaside and visit places of interest in the area.

Usually people travel to visit museums or historic places. Ancient monuments, old churches and cathedrals, mysterious castles, famous buildings and squares attract people. But there are people who travel to look for excitement. They travel to go boating, to go fishing, to go rock-climbing, to ride a horse or wander in the forest.

Sometimes people travel simply to admire beautiful scenery or to breathe fresh air. In this case they visit remote and deserted places such as waterfalls,   mountains covered with snow, tropical forests, volcanoes and sandy or stony beaches. Some of these places are beautiful beyond imagination others green and gentle. To see all these places you can go to Europe or to Asia, or to Africa. Travelling nowadays is an expensive hobby or rest.

2. How do you like to travel?

People use different means of travelling. Travelling by plane is the quickest way of travelling. Travelling by ship or by train is comfortable. You even sleep there. I prefer travelling by car. Travelling by car is convenient. You can go anywhere, and stop any time you want. .

3. What questions should you ask a travel agent to learn more about a tour?

What documents do I need to carry with me when I travel?  Do I need a passport or visa? What excursions do you suggest? What is the best time of year to travel to this destination?

4. You have visited some countries. Which of them would you recommend your   friend to visit?

If I were you, I would travel around my own country first and then travel abroad. You should visit the UK. There is much to see there.

5.   Today people are tired of exotic countries and prefer to spend their holidays in   Belarus. What places of interest can attract tourists?

Belarus has a rich and varied historical heritage. Ancient monuments, old churches and cathedrals, mysterious castles, famous buildings and squares attract Belarusian people and tourists from abroad. There are a lot of places to visit in Belarus, such as Mir and Nesvizh castles, Belavezhskaya pushcha, Brest fortress and others.



Неопределенный артикль a(an) употребляется:

1.С существительными, которые употребляются впервые:

   I saw a girl in the street.

2.При названии профессии или рода занятий, так же после конструкций                                   there is, itis, this is

My mother is a teacher.

3.В восклицательных предложениях после слова what

What a wonderful day!

  1. Послеслов such, rather, quite

He is rather an interesting man.

5.С существительными в роли приложения:

Mr. Brown, a teacher of English, is a very old person.

Pushkin, the great Russian poet, was born in this great city.

6.В значении «один»

It will take a month.

They meet two times a week. (per)

7. Взначении «любой»

A boy can do it.

8. Вустойчивыхвыражениях:

To be in a hurry, to be at a loss, to tell a lie, as a result, as a rule, as a matter of fact, It’s a pity, It’s a shame, in a loud voice, have a cold, to have a good time, to take a shower, to give a hand


Артикль отсутствует:

  1. Обращение

Who are you, little boy?

  1. Если перед существительным находится местоимение:

     My room is large.

  1. Перед названиями дней недели, месяцев, времен года:

Autumn has come at last.

  1. В заголовках

“War and Peace”

  1. Послеслов to choose, to appoint, to elect

He was elected President

  1. Вустойчивыхсловосочетаниях

     By car, on foot, by heart, by chance, by mistake, in, on time, in fact, for example, arm in arm, come to light, at first sight, face to face, from top to bottom, hand in hand, keep in mind, day and night, father and son, Out–of-doors, from head to foot, take to heart, from beginning to end, for hours, for ages, on board, to keep house, at sunrise, at work, in debt, to play football


Определенный артикль употребляется:

  1. когда из ситуации ясно, о каком предмете идет речь

Pass me the salt, please.

  1. когда существительное употребляется во второй раз:

I saw a cat. The cat was funny.

  1. перед порядковым числительным

He studied in the second form.

  1. перед прилагательным в превосходной степени

It was the best cottage. Но (a most-очень)

  1. передследующимиприлагательными: the very, the only, the same ,the last, the next (but last week, next month), the right, the wrong, the following,
  2. обычно перед существительными с предлогом;

to the doctor, in the forest

  1. если есть конкретизирующее определение:

This is the book I am looking for.

  1.  с существительными, которые обозначают явления единственные в своем роде: the sun, the moon, the sky , the world, the Universe(but space)
  2. Если исчисляемое существительное обозначает весь класс однородных предметов: The polar bearl ivesin the North
  3.  с прилагательными, которые употребляются в роли существительного: therich, theblind, theold
  4. Если существительное обозначает социальный класс людей

      The workers, the peasants

12. Сторонысвета:

      The North, the South, the East, the West

13. Отдельныенациональности:

     The English, the French, the Dutch, the British, the Irish, the Japanese

14.Части целого:

      I took him by the hand.

      The floor was clean.

15. Вустойчивыхвыражениях:

     It’s out of the question, in the original, to play the piano, to keep the house, on the whole, the other day, on the one hand, to tell the truth, to be on the safe side, at the bottom , the sooner the better, in the distance, lay the table, at the latest, by the way





                              Имена собственные   

  1. Следующие слова, если относятся к членам своей семьи употребляются без артикля (когда употребляются как самостоятельно, так и личными именами):

    Mother, Father, Uncle, Aunt, Sister, Brother, Granddad, Granny, Nurse…                            Uncle James

  1. Слова, обозначающие титул, должность или звание, когда употребляются с именами собственными, употребляются без артикля :

Colonel Brown, President Carter, King Edward

  1. Слова, обозначающие профессию, перед именами собственными употребляются с определенным артиклем:

The painter Repin, The poet Longfellow

  1. Имена собственные употребляются с определенным артиклем, если перед ними стоит прилагательное, (перед прилагательными old, poor, dear,lazy,honest, little артикль не употребляется):

The curious Tom, The famous Peter

  1. Определенный  артикль  перед  именем  собственным  имеет  значение « тот самый»:

It is the Mr. Brown we were talking about.

  1. Неопределенный артикль перед именем собственным имеет следующие значения:

а) «один из»:

When a Forsyte  was born, got married or died all the family got together. 

б) «какой-то»:

A Mr. Brown came to see you.

в) если мы кого-то называем именем знаменитого человека:

You are quite a Monte Cristo.

  1. Определенный артикль ставится перед фамилией во множественном    


      The Olsons live in that house.

8. Имена собственные, как правило употребляются без артикля.    


                            Географические названия:

  1. Без артикля употребляются названия континентов, материков, регионов, большинства стран, городов (but the Hague, the Moscow of 90s), парков, площадей

America, Asia, Central Asia, France, London

  1. Названия следующих регионов являются исключением и употребляются с определенным артиклем:

The Artic, the Equator, the Middle East, the Far East, the North Pole,  the Crimea, the Caucasus.

  1. Hазвания следующих стран (the Netherlands, the Philippines the Argentine, а так же стран, в названии которых имеется имя нарицательное, употребляются с определенным артиклем:

The Republic of Belarus, the USA

  1. Названия улиц за исключением следующих (the Drive, the High Street,the Strand, the Mall) употребляются без артикля:

Baker Street, Oxford Street

  1. Названия океанов, морей, рек, каналов, проливов употребляются с определенным артиклем:

The Pacific Ocean, the Black Sea, the Thames

  1. Названия озер употребляются с определенным артиклем если в названии нет слова “lake”:

The Ontario (but Lake  Ontario)

  1. Названия отдельных гор употребляются без артикля (Everest) , названия горных хребтов и массивов употребляются с определенным артиклем (the Alps):
  2. Названия отдельных островов употребляются без артикля (Great Britain), названия групп островов употребляются с определенным артиклем (the British Isles)
  3. Названия полуостровов употребляются без артикля если в названии нет слова  «полуостров» Kamchatka (but the Kamchatka Peninsula)
  4. Названия пустынь употребляются с определенным артиклем:

The Sahara

  1. Названия университетов как правило без артикля (London University), но the University of London
  2. Названия зданий употребляются без артикля, если в названии здания есть или имя или название местности: WestminsterAbbey, Buckingham Palace(but the White House)
  3. Названия музеев, театров, кинотеатров, гостиниц, ресторанов:

The Natural History Museum, the Odeon, the Opera and Ballet Theatre…

  1. С определенным артиклем употребляются названия партий, газет, кораблей, поездов, политических организаций, документов, исторических событий:

The Labour Party, The Times, The Titanic, the United Nations, the Constitution, the Stone Age.





I/you/we/they work.  He/she/it works.

I don’t work.  He doesn’t work.

Do you work? Doeshework?


1. Обычная ситуация или состояние.

He lives in London.

2. Универсальная правда.

Water boils at 100* C

3. Повторяющееся действие.

He often comes to school late.

4. Действие в ближайшем будущем, по расписанию.

The race starts at 7.00

5. Будущеедействиевпридаточныхпредложенияхвремениилиусловия. If the weather is rainy we shall stay at home.

6. Комментарии. The car approaches the bridge.

Every day/week/month, usually, sometimes, always, rarely, never, often, in the morning, evening, afternoon, at night, on Mondays, seldom




I am working. You/we/they are working. He/she/it is working.

I’m not working. You aren’t working. He isn’t working.

Am I working?  Are you working?  Isheworking?


1. Действие, которое происходит в данный момент.

The baby is sleeping at the moment.

2. Действие, которое происходит в данный период времени.

She is living in Paris this week.

3. Изменяющаяся ситуация.

Mary is putting on weight.

4. Негативная оценка, раздражение, критика.

He’s always asking stupid questions.

5. Запланированное действие в ближайшем будущем.

I’m seeing Alice tonight.

 Now, at the moment, at present, nowadays, today, still




I/you/we/they have worked. He/she/it has worked.

I haven’t worked. He hasn’t worked.

Have I worked? Has he worked?


1. Действие, которое недавно завершилось.

He has just cut the grass.

2. Действие в прошлом, которое связанно с настоящим.

He has sold the car.

3. Несвязанное с настоящим прошедшее действие, если важен факт, а не время когда действие произошло.

I’ve already been to London.

4. Личный опыт.

I  have learnt a lot this year.

5.  Упор на число.

He has read three novels this week.

6. Действие началось в прошлом и длилось по настоящий момент.

I haven’t seen him for two years.

Just, ever, never, already, yet, so far, recently, lately, today, this week/month, since, for




I/you/we/they have been working. He/she/it has been working.

I haven’t been working. He hasn’t been working.

Have you been working? Has he been working?


1. Действие, которое началось в прошлом и длилось по настоящий момент или длиться по настоящий момент.

He has been washing his bike for an hour

2. Длительное действие в прошлом, связанное с настоящим.

My granny has been watering the lawn. Thegrassiswet.

3. Для выражения злости, раздражительности.

Someone has been using my computer.

Since, for



I worked.

I didn’t work.

Did I work?


1. Последовательные действия в прошлом.

He got into his car, started the engine and drove off.

2. Обычное действие или состояние.


3. Факт из прошлого (обычно указано время).

Shakespeare wrote this play.

4. Мгновенное действие в прошлом.

She passed her exams last week.

Yesterday, last week, ago, then, just now, in 1999, when




I/he/she/it was working. You/we/they were working.

I wasn’t working. You weren’t working.

Was he working? Were you working?


1. Длительное действие, которое происходило в точно указанный момент.  She was riding a bike this time yesterday.

2. Длительное действие в прошлом.

When I saw her she was talking to her friend.

3. Параллельные действия в прошлом.

While the boys were laying the table, the girls were decorating the room.

4. Фон для событий в рассказе.

They were traveling to Swansea…

While, when, as, at that moment, at 5 o’clock yesterday




I had worked.

I hadn’t worked.

Had I worked?


 1. Действие, которое завершилось к определенному моменту в прошлом. I had spent all the money by that time.

2. Предшествующее действие в прошлом.

He was delighted because had found a new job.

For, since, already, after, just, never, yet, before, by, by the time




I had been working.

I hadn’t been working.

Had you been working?


  1. Длительное действие, которое длилось до определенного момента в прошлом.

 She had been trying to get a visa for months before she gave up.

  1. Длительное действие, которое имело видимые результаты в прошлом.

Her fingers hurt because she had been playing the guitar all day.

 For, since




I will work.

I won’t work.

Will you work?


  1. Будущее действие, решение принимается в момент речи.

It’s cold here. I’ll turn on the heating.

  1. Опасения, страхи, комментарии, надежды.

I am sure he will come.

  1. Предположения.

She’ll probably win,

  1. События, которые произойдут независимо от нашего желания.

The baby will be born after Christmas.

Tomorrow, tonight, next week, in two days, the day after tomorrow, soon




I won’t be working.

Will you be working?


1. Длительное действие, которое будет происходить в точно указанный момент.

2. Действие, результат повседневной рутины

3. Если мы вежливо спрашиваем о планах людей


I will have worked.

I won’t have worked.

Will you have worked?

1. Действие, которое закончится к определенному моменту

2. Предшествующее действие в будущем

Before, by, by then, by the time




I will have been working.

I won’t have been working.

Will you have been working?


1.Действие, которое будет длиться до определенного момента в будущем.

By, for




I am going to work. You/we/they are going to work. He/she/it is going to work.

I’m not going to work. You aren’t going to work. He isn’t going to work.

Am I going to work? Are you going to work? Is he going to work?


1. Запланированное действие в будущем

2. Действие, которое должно неизбежно произойти в будущем




  Советы психолога


    Во-первых, лучше воздержаться от приема успокоительных средств и медикаментов — они тормозят мозговую деятельность и мешают сконцентрироваться, тем более реакция может быть полностью противоположной: начнут трястись руки-ноги, в голове — туман. Химия — это химия, и никогда не знаешь, как она сработает в сочетании с недосыпанием и волнением; лучше медикаменты заменить полноценным здоровым сном (юноши — 7–8 часов, девушки — 8–9 часов) и пешими прогулками на свежем воздухе. Сбалансированный режим труда и отдыха поможет восстановить физические и психические силы организма. Также во время подготовки к экзамену каждый час можно делать гимнастические упражнения, это поможет снять напряжение в мышцах и придаст силы для усвоения новой информации.

          Во-вторых, полноценное питание. Пища должна быть богата белком: например, на завтрак творог и сметана, а также два раза в неделю яйцо всмятку. Обед может состоять из супа и мяса (75–100 г) с овощами, а на ужин — рыба или курица и сметана. Белок, содержащийся в этих продуктах, будет питать головной мозг. Следовательно, воспринимать и запоминать информацию будет легче. Также следует обогатить и разнообразить пищу витаминными продуктами — овощами (капуста, морковь) и фруктами (бананы, апельсины, грейпфруты). Они помогут зарядиться бодростью и положительной энергией. Весьма полезным в этот период будет употребление в пищу различных каш. Они богаты витаминами и микроэлементами, которые активизируют мозговую деятельность.

          В-третьих, перед самим экзаменом можно съесть пару долек шоколада — это поможет сконцентрироваться на задании. А еще шоколад является отличным антидепрессантом: он и вкусный, и полезный, и со стрессом помогает справиться.

 Немаловажным является выбор одежды для экзамена. Лучше отдавать предпочтение светлым пастельным тонам — они придают уверенность в собственных силах и не раздражают глаза. К тому же одежда не должна стеснять движений, узкая и облегающая будет создавать неудобства и не позволит сосредоточиться на задании.

          На экзамене, чтобы успокоиться и сосредоточиться проведите упражнение несколько раз: на счет 1-4 вдох, на счет 1-4 задержите дыхание, на счет 1-4 выдох.

 Когда письменный ответ написан или сделано задание, отложите работу в сторону. Закройте глаза и сосредоточьтесь. Сделайте глубокий вдох через нос, задержите дыхание на 5-10 секунд, медленно выдохните (бесшумно) через рот, разделив воздух на три порции. Снова задержите дыхание на 2-3 секунды. Сделайте глубокий вдох, задержите дыхание, медленно плавно выдохните.

           Вы ничего не хотите добавить к своему ответу? Помните, что самые свежие мысли приходят после того, как письмо уже запечатано. Если вам больше ничего не пришло в голову, то можете идти отвечать или сдавать работу.

Как успешно сдать экзамен

Создайте у себя положительную установку на сдачу экзамена.

Формируйте позитивные цели.
Одновременно делайте только одно дело.

Работая, умейте расслабляться.

Побеждает лишь тот, кто верит.


Подготовка к экзаменам: советы психолога

          Любой экзамен: будь то выпускной или вступительный – представляет собой стрессовую ситуацию для того, кто его сдает. Особенно велик стресс в случае выпускных и вступительных экзаменов. Подготовка к экзаменам сопровождается высокими эмоциональными, интеллектуальными и физическими нагрузками.

Напряжение нарастает из-за:

высокой личной значимости будущего поступления в учебное заведение. Обучение связывается с выбором жизненного пути, построением карьеры, личным успехом; возникшей угрозы снижения самоценности – В случае неудачи на экзамене появляется или усиливается негативная установка «Я плохой», «Я глупый», «Я неудачница»;

неопределенности конечного результата – Даже при достаточной усердной и добросовестной подготовке существует некоторая вероятность не пройти испытания;

необходимости повторения, а нередко и освоения, большого объема информации – Выпускные экзамены требуют достаточно глубоких знаний практически каждого учебного предмета за весь период обучения в школе;

дефицита времени – Недостаток времени возникает из-за необходимости готовиться к выпускным и вступительным экзаменам в очень сжатые сроки;

постоянного накопления эмоционального напряжения – Эмоциональное напряжение, сохраняющееся после сдачи очередного экзамена, усиливает напряженность перед последующим, что приводит к утомлению, появлению чувства опустошенности и беспомощности;

высокой ответственности перед педагогами, а также родителями, ближайшими родственниками и друзьями – Каждый педагог связывает с выпускным классом определенные ожидания, например, все ученики закончат обучение на «хорошо» и «отлично». У большинства родителей также появляются дополнительные ожидания по отношению к детям, их карьере, будущему жизненному успеху и т.п. Многие из них вспоминают собственный успех или неудачу на выпускных экзаменах, собственный опыт карьерного роста.





                                                                      Министра образования

                                                                      Республики Беларусь







I.  Общие положения

Начиная с 2012/2013 учебного года по завершении обучения и воспитания на III ступени общего среднего образования проводится обязательный выпускной  экзамен  по учебному предмету ”Иностранный язык“(далее – экзамен).

 Экзамен  призван оценить уровень практического владения учащимися    изучаемым иностранным языком  в пределах требований, определенных образовательным  стандартом и учебной программой.

Объектом итоговой  аттестации учащихся  по учебному предмету «Иностранный язык» является коммуникативная компетенция – владение совокупностью речевых, языковых, социокультурных норм изучаемого языка, компенсаторных и учебно-познавательных умений, позволяющих осуществлять межкультурную коммуникацию. На экзамене  определяется  уровень сформированности коммуникативной компетенции учащихся  и  на этой основе оценивается   качество подготовки выпускников учреждений общего среднего образования по иностранному языку.

На экзамене учащиеся  должны продемонстрировать:

– знаниелексических единиц, устойчивых словосочетаний, грамматических явлений продуктивного  и рецептивного минимумов, особенностей произношения и ритмико-интонационного оформления основных коммуникативных типов предложения, предусмотренных  учебной  программой, и умение пользоваться ими;

– умение воспринимать и понимать  устную речь на слухпри непосредственном общении  и в звукозаписи;

 – владение устной речью:   умение вести беседу, дать совет,  выразить пожелание; комментировать увиденное, услышанное, прочитанное, используя отдельные реплики и развернутые высказывания;  логично и последовательно делать сообщение и высказывать оценочные суждения относительно  услышанного, прочитанного. 

Экзамен  проводится в устной форме.

Билеты для проведения экзамена ежегодно утверждаются Министерством образования Республики Беларусь.

Организация и проведение экзамена регламентируется следующими документами:

  1. Кодекс Республики Беларусь об образовании.
  2. Постановление Министерства образования Республики Беларусь от 20.12.2011 № 283 ”Аб зацвярджэнні Палажэння аб установе агульнай сярэдняй адукацыі“.
  3.  Постановление Министерства образования Республики Беларусь от 20.06.2011 № 38 ”Об утверждении Правил проведения аттестации учащихся при освоении содержания образовательных программ общего среднего образования и признании утратившими силу некоторых постановлений Министерства образования Республики Беларусь“ (далее  - Правила).
  4. Постановление Министерства образования Республики Беларусь от 12.07.2012 №77 ”Об установлении перечня учебных предметов, по которым проводятся выпускные экзамены, форм проведения выпускных экзаменов при проведении в 2012/2013 учебном году итоговой аттестации учащихся, при освоении содержания образовательных программ общего среднего образования, образовательной программы специального образования на уровне общего среднего образования“.
  5. Образовательный стандарт ”Общее среднее образование. Иностранный язык. III – XI классы“ ( далее - образовательный стандарт).
  6. Концепция учебного предмета ”Иностранный язык“.
  7. Учебные программы:

 ”Замежныя мовы: англійская, нямецкая, французская, іспанская, кітайская“ для III–XIкласаў устаноў агульнай сярэдняй адукацыі з беларускай мовай навучання. – Мінск: Нацыянальны інстытут адукацыі, 2012;

   ”Иностранные языки: английский, немецкий, французский, испанский, китайский“ для III–XI классов учреждений общего среднего образования с русским языком обучения. – Минск: Национальный институт образования, 2012 (далее - учебная программа).

  1. Нормы оценки результатов учебной деятельности учащихся по иностранному языку.


II.  Содержание  экзамена

Содержание экзамена определяется в соответствии с  целями и задачами обучения, требованиями к уровню подготовки учащихся по иностранному языку по завершении обучения и воспитания на III ступени общего среднего образования.

Экзамен  включает три этапа.

Первый этап: собеседование по прочитанному тексту.  

На данном  этапе  экзамена проверяются  умения чтения,  понимания прочитанного,  комментария и высказывания суждения по полученной информации, а также  умения понимания речи на слух в беседе с членами экзаменационной комиссии.

Содержание заданий:

1)   Краткое определение основного содержания текста.  

Например: О чем говорится в тексте? Какова основная идея текста?

2)   Извлечение из текста запрашиваемой информации.

Например: Найди в тексте ответ на вопрос «…..»  и прочти его. 

3)   Извлечение  из текста отдельных фактов и значимых деталей.  Например: Что…? Где…? Когда…? Как…? Куда…?

4)    Извлечение из текста фактов, описание которых требует от учащегося развернутого  аргументированного высказывания.   Например: Зачем? Почему? Отчего? Как ты думаешь….

Второй  этап: собеседование по прослушанному тексту.

 На данном этапе  экзамена проверяются умения восприятия и понимания устной речи в звукозаписи, извлечения из прослушанного текста запрашиваемой информации и её комментария.

Содержание собеседования направлено на определение степени понимания прослушанного текста: адекватное понимание текста в целом, определение его главной идеи и  вычленение деталей.

Например:  Кто…? Что…? Где…? Когда…? Как…? Куда…? Почему…?  В связи с чем…?   

Третий  этап: беседа по ситуации общения, предлагаемой членами экзаменационной комиссии.

Задача данного этапа экзамена заключается в проверке умений монологической и диалогической речи.

Содержание выполняемых учащимся заданий направлено на стимулирование его к спонтанной речи. Оно включает в себя вопросы, реакция на которые требует от учащегося использования отдельных реплик и развернутых высказываний относительно услышанного.

Рекомендуемое содержание заданий:

1. Задание, выполняя которое учащийся имеет возможность опереться  на изученный в процессе обучения материал.  

Например:  Давай поговорим о здоровом образе жизни.  Ты следишь за своим здоровьем? Что ты делаешь для того, чтобы быть здоровым?

2. Задание уточняющего характера, содержание которого касается личного опыта учащегося и предполагает утвердительную или отрицательную реплику, которую нужно прокомментировать.

Например: Согласен ли ты с мнением о том,  что курение действительно опасно для здоровья человека?  Почему?

  1. Задание, побуждающее учащегося инициировать беседу, проявить заинтересованность в чем-то, задать встречные вопросы.

  Например: Представь, что ты беседуешь с зарубежным сверстником о   здоровом образе жизни. Что  бы ты у него спросил прежде всего ?

  1. Задание, побуждающее учащегося дать совет,  аргументированную рекомендацию.  

Например:  В школе есть ребята, которые курят. Посоветуй, что нужно  сделать,  чтобы   они   поняли,   что   это   вредно.

5. Задание, требующее от учащегося выражения своей точки зрения, рассуждения о фактах, событиях, приведения примеров и аргументов. Например: Тебе приходилось  пропагандировать здоровый образ жизни среди молодых людей? Если да, расскажи, как ты это делал. Если нет, как ты это сделаешь?

III. Рекомендации по  организации и проведению этапов экзамена

Собеседование с учащимся по прочитанному  тексту

1. Предлагаемый  текст для чтения должен быть  аутентичным (научно-популярный, публицистический, художественный)  и отвечать следующим требованиям:

  • соответствовать  предметно-тематическому содержанию учебной  программы;
  • характеризоваться смысловой законченностью, связностью и цельностью;
  • не быть перегруженным терминами, именами собственными, цифровыми данными;
  • соответствовать уровню подготовки учащихся, определенному  образовательным стандартом и  учебной  программой.

2. Объем текста  должен составлять  до 2200 печатных знаков с пробелами. Тексты для чтения могут включать до 4 % незнакомых слов, о значении которых можно догадаться из контекста.  

3.  Тексты печатаются шрифтом Times New Roman, кегль – 14. 

4.  Время на подготовку к ответу – до 20 минут.

Во время ответа  учащийся  имеет право пользоваться текстом. Задания (четыре) для подготовки к собеседованию предлагаются учащемуся  вместе с текстом. 

5.  Пользование словарем не предусмотрено.

 Собеседование с учащимся  по  прослушанному  тексту

1. Для прослушивания  используются  следующие функциональные типы аудиотекстов:

  • рассказ;
  • фрагмент радиопередачи;
  • прогноз погоды, программа новостей, спортивная сводка;
  • объявление по радио, телевидению, в аэропорту, на вокзале, в общественном транспорте;
  • диалог;
  • интервью, репортаж, информационная реклама;
  • инструкция-объяснение.

2. Длительность звучания текста  составляет  до 1,5 минут.

3. Задания для подготовки к собеседованию, имена собственные, сложные для восприятия слова предлагаются учащемуся перед первым прослушиванием текста в печатной  форме.

4. Во время второго прослушивания разрешается делать пометки.

5. Время на подготовку к ответу составляет до 10 минут.

Беседа  с учащимся по предложенной ситуации общения.

1. Тематика предлагаемых для беседы ситуаций определяется в соответствии с предметно-тематическим  содержанием, указанном в образовательном стандарте  и   учебной программе.

2. Учащегося   не знакомят с содержанием беседы предварительно. Задания (пять) предъявляются ему  непосредственно во время беседы.


Одновременно  в аудитории может находиться до четырех учащихся.

Последовательность этапов экзамена строго не регламентируется, а определяется  экзаменационной комиссией.

Рекомендуется наличие  в аудитории специалиста, организующего индивидуальное прослушивание аудиотекстов для каждого учащегося.

IV. Рекомендации по  оцениванию  ответа

Каждый этап экзамена оценивается отдельно с учетом уровня  сформированности  коммуникативной компетенции учащегося*.

Итоговая экзаменационная отметка выставляется  как среднее арифметическое  отметок, полученных на  каждом этапе экзамена.

В соответствии с Правилами, если учащийся не ответил по билету, экзаменационная комиссия по его просьбе может разрешить ответить по другому билету. При этом в протокол выпускного экзамена вносится соответствующая запись. Вопрос о снижении отметки учащемуся в этом случае решает экзаменационная комиссия.

Отметки, полученные учащимися на экзамене, объявляются учащимся после его окончания.

V. Требования к формированию экзаменационной комиссии

Экзамен проводит экзаменационная  комиссия, которая формируется в соответствии с Правилами.  

В состав экзаменационной  комиссии входит председатель комиссии (руководитель учреждения образования, либо его заместитель по основной деятельности, либо учитель иностранного языка высшей квалификационной категории) и три члена комиссии из числа учителей, преподающих иностранный язык, по которому проводится экзамен.

Председателем экзаменационной комиссии не может быть учитель, преподававший в данном классе иностранный язык, по которому проводится выпускной экзамен.

В случае, если в учреждении образования для формирования экзаменационной комиссии нет необходимого количества учителей иностранного языка, по которому проводится выпускной экзамен, то руководитель учреждения образования может привлекать к работе в составе экзаменационных комиссий учителей иностранного языка из иных учреждений образования.

 VI. Рекомендации по техническому оснащению помещений,

определенных для проведения экзамена

Помещение, в котором проходит экзамен, должно быть оснащено техническими средствами обучения, позволяющими воспроизводить образцы речи в индивидуальном режиме прослушивания (магнитофоном, компьютером, наушниками, др.).

 * Примерные критерии оценки  уровня  сформированности  коммуникативной компетенции учащегося  опубликованы в научно-методическом журнале ”Замежныя мовы ў Рэспубліцы Беларусь“ (№1/2012).


Спортивный туризм: у команд Брестчины «золото» на Республиканских соревнованиях и «серебро» на Чемпионате Европы!



Юныя захавальнікі агульнай гісторыі



1 октября в Брестском облисполкоме на торжественном приеме чествовали педагогических работников региона.



Торжественный приём в октябрята и пионеры проходит в Брестской крепости



23 сентября Первый заместитель Министра образования Республики Беларусь Ирина Анатольевна Старовойтова посетила учреждение образования «Кобринский государственный политехнический колледж», где ознакомилась с организацией образовательного процесса, в том числе в ресурсном центре колледжа.



"Гордость за Беларусь. Образование во имя будущего страны"



Около полудня 22 сентября колонна велосипедистов проследовала по центру города в сопровождении автомобилей ДПС с проблесковыми маячками.


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